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Policy Library

Advance Student Learning By Protecting Student Journalists

The first experience many young people have with the foundational idea of press freedom is in school. It makes no sense for young people to face punishment for getting involved in their school newspaper, but too often that’s exactly what happens. The Good News for Students Act ensures student journalists and their faculty advisors aren’t punished for getting involved and learning about covering news truthfully and openly.

The National Landscape

Passed in:

Arkansas, California, Colorado, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maryland, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Washington

Introduced in:

Hawaii, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York (12), West Virginia (12)
Even if a state has enacted a policy, there may be aspects to be strengthened. We can help identify ways to improve lives in your state. Please reach out to our State Line: 1-833-STATES-1.

In The News

“‘The fact that, as journalists, we were afraid we would be fired or have our academic careers threatened for writing stories that were valid, important and necessary — simply because we were student journalists — is unacceptable.’”
“In September, students writing for an Ohio high school newspaper looked at public records and discovered that what their high school’s administration had called an “alleged assault” by a student was actually an alleged rape. In November, students at a Staten Island high school broke a story about how the answers to Department of Education standardized tests were posted online before the test was administered.”


  • Press freedom advocates
  • Parents
  • Teachers
  • First Amendment experts


  • School administrators who prefer an unclear policy
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The State Line


Who does this help?
Protecting student journalism helps students learn and communities stay informed, while protecting student journalists and their advisors from punishment for covering the news.
Does this bill put schools at risk?
No. In fact, schools are put at risk without clear protections for student journalists, as content-based censorship and other burdens on student journalists have led to lawsuits initiated by student journalists, teachers, and outside organizations. Schools can of course still put protections in place to ensure that student journalists do not publish content that is bullying, outside of decency standards, or creates a danger for students.

Model Policy

This act shall be known as the Good News for Students Act.

To ensure student journalists at public institutions are guaranteed a free press


(a) Pupils of the public schools, including charter schools, shall have the right to exercise freedom of speech and of the press including, but not limited to, the use of bulletin boards, the distribution of printed materials or petitions, the wearing of buttons, badges, and other insignia, and the right of expression in official publications, whether or not the publications or other means of expression are supported financially by the school or by use of school facilities, except that expression shall be prohibited which is obscene, libelous, or slanderous.  Also prohibited shall be material that so incites pupils as to create a clear and present danger of the commission of unlawful acts on school premises or the violation of lawful school regulations, or the substantial disruption of the orderly operation of the school.

(b) The governing board or body of each school district or charter school and each county board of education shall adopt rules and regulations in the form of a written publications code, which shall include reasonable provisions for the time, place, and manner of conducting such activities within its respective jurisdiction.

(c) Pupil editors of official school publications shall be responsible for assigning and editing the news, editorial, and feature content of their publications subject to the limitations of this section.  However, it shall be the responsibility of a journalism adviser or advisers of pupil publications within each school to supervise the production of the pupil staff, to maintain professional standards of English and journalism, and to maintain the provisions of this section.

(d) There shall be no prior restraint of material prepared for official school publications except insofar as it violates this section.  School officials shall have the burden of showing justification without undue delay prior to a limitation of pupil expression under this section.

(e) “Official school publications” refers to material produced by pupils in the journalism, newspaper, yearbook, or writing classes and distributed to the student body either free or for a fee.

(f) This section does not prohibit or prevent the governing board or body of a school district or charter school from adopting otherwise valid rules and regulations relating to oral communication by pupils upon the premises of each school.

(g) An employee shall not be dismissed, suspended, disciplined, reassigned, transferred, or otherwise retaliated against solely for acting to protect a pupil engaged in the conduct authorized under this section, or refusing to infringe upon conduct that is protected by this section, the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, or [any relevant free speech protections] in the STATE Constitution.