SECTION 1 (TITLE):
This act shall be known as the Keep Kids in School Act.

SECTION 2 (PURPOSE):
To support proven, effective, and fair disciplinary strategies that improve attendance and graduation rates and stop the school to prison pipeline.

SECTION 3 (PROVISIONS):

(A) It is the goal of STATE to ensure completion of quality preK-12 education for all children. Over-reliance on disciplinary suspensions and expulsions has been shown to reduce graduation rates and increase criminal justice involvement for impacted students.
(B) Research shows that adopting fair discipline policies that encourage disciplinary practices other than suspension and expulsion and promote a positive school climate can help keep kids in school, improve academic performance and reduce criminal justice involvement and the costs associated with such involvement.
(C) Accordingly, within six months of passage of this Act, DEPARTMENT shall issue guidance and recommendations to school districts to foster supportive and safe school climates and promote evidence-based discipline practices to keep kids in school and reduce criminal justice involvement. Such guidance and recommendations shall include guidance and recommendations on meeting these minimum standards:
(i) Fostering positive school climates, by:
(ii) Providing clear, appropriate, and consistent expectations and consequences, by:
(iii) Promoting equity and continuous improvement, by:
(D) With the guidance issued pursuant to Section (c) above, DEPARTMENT shall issue model school discipline policies for elementary, middle [junior high], and high schools that align with the guidance and meet the minimum standards laid out in Section (c).
(E) Within eight months of issuance of the guidance from DEPARTMENT in accordance with Section (c) above, and in no case later than fourteen months after passage of this Act, all schools in STATE shall have adopted a discipline policy that aligns with the guidance and meets the minimum standards laid out in Section (c) above. DEPARTMENT shall establish a process to annually review and approve discipline policies to ensure they fulfill the requirements of this section.
(F) DEPARTMENT shall provide technical assistance and support to schools and school districts to assist them in complying with section (e) above. In lieu of a school or district-specific policy, the model policies from Section (d) may be adopted. If no policy has been submitted for approval by a school or school district as of fourteen months after passage of this Act, or after a submitted policy has been disapproved, the model policies from Section (d) above shall be in effect.
(G) The above guidance and model policies shall be included in statewide training and professional development opportunities.
(H) Research shows that school climate improves, exclusionary measures such as suspensions and expulsions decrease, and student involvement in the criminal justice system may be diminished when states collect and examine data on school discipline. States have executed data collection initiatives while respecting student privacy and by leveraging existing school data collection systems to ensure an efficient data collection process. Accordingly, effective January 1 after passage of this Act, DEPARTMENT shall:
(i) annually collect and examine data regarding in-school suspensions, out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, school-based arrests, other in-school disciplinary actions, length of suspensions, suspension and expulsion rate, and percentage of students that experienced each type of discipline and to disaggregate such data by school, school district, race, ethnicity, gender, age, grade, students with disabilities, English language learners, and students who are eligible for free or reduced priced lunch, and type of infraction/reason the discipline was imposed;
(ii) annually compare data and trends in STATE to available data from other states if feasible;
(iii) every three years, collect qualitative data on school discipline from district and school officials, teachers, and students from a representative sample of school districts;
(iv) promulgate regulations to direct and allow for the collection of the data described in (i) using existing school data collection systems to minimize any burden on schools and school districts. Such regulations shall include appropriate definitions to allow for standardized collection and reporting of data;
(v) provide an annual opportunity for public comment on the data collection and reporting process, and include a summary of comments received and DEPARTMENT’s response in the annual reports described in (k) below; and
(vi) ensure that all data collection and examination comply with all federal and state student privacy laws and does not allow for public release of personally identifiable information or the identification of students receiving discipline.
(J) Effective January 1 after passage of this Act, DEPARTMENT shall
(i) annually submit a report to the Governor and Legislature that:
(ii) make such report available on DEPARTMENT’s website.